Conventional Western Medicine (CWM) has made a great contribution to our health and well-being in the last several decades. However, CWM pays less attention to self-healing, mind-body interactions, preventive medicine, and doctor-patient relationship.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of CWM. The interest in CAM has increased dramatically over the past decade. Mind-body techniques considered as CAM are meditation, Yoga, Tai-chi, Qi-gong, and music therapy. Manual and manipulative methods in CAM include chiropractic, massage, acupuncture, and touch therapy.
Integrative Medicine combines CWM and CAM therapies for which there is some high-quality scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness. Integrative medicine can cover the current problems of CWM and integrate the efficacy of CWM and CAM. Future medicine should pay great attention to all aspects of a person’s life style. Integrative medicine emphasizes the innate healing mechanism of the human organism.
It is possible to treat physical diseases through the mind. There is a great deal of evidence that mind-body therapies are beneficial for physical diseases. It is also possible to treat mental diseases through the physical approach. There is an evidence that manual therapies are effective for mental diseases.